The total organic farming area in the European Union (EU) was 12.6 million hectares in 2017, which adds up to 7 % of the total utilized agricultural area, according to data recently published by Eurostat. This means an increase of 25 % between 2012 and 2017.

The EU Member States with the largest shares of organic area were Austria (23.4 % of total utilised agricultural area), Estonia (19.6 %) and Sweden (19.2 %), followed by Italy (14.9 %), Czech Republic (14.1 %), Latvia (13.9 %) and Finland (11.4 %).

In the remaining EU countries, the share of organic farming area was below 10 %, with the lowest proportion observed in Malta (0.4 %).

According to Eurostat, “agricultural production area is divided into three main types of use: arable land crops (mainly cereals, root crops, fresh vegetables, green fodder and industrial crops), permanent grassland (pastures and meadows), and permanent crops (fruit trees and berries, olive groves and vineyards).

Organic arable land exceeded 5.5 million ha, which represented 44.5 % of the EU-28 total organic agricultural area. Pastures and meadows followed very closely with 44.4 %, while permanent crops made up the smallest share (11.0 %).

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